「so that、in order that」正確用法是?來搞懂!

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唷齁~大家好,歡迎來到英文庫,我是 Min 👋,今天咱們要來搞定 so that / in order to(為了)的用法。先來看幾個例句暖暖身吧:

He sold his car so that / in order that he could buy the apartment.
為了要買那間房子,他賣掉了車。

They work hard so that / in order that they can have better sales results.
為了有更好的業績,他們認真工作。

He bought his wife a necklace so that / in order that she would not stay angry.
為了讓老婆別再繼續生氣,他買了項鍊送她。

從上面可看出,so that / in order that 都是用來接表達目的理由的句子,而且常搭配情態助動詞,如 can、could、will、would 等,表示「才能……」、「才會……」。

那它們有什麼差別嗎?🤔 來,直接公布答案:so that 的曝光率較高,in order that 則較為正式。至於細節,咱們就往下一探究竟吧,Without further ado, let’s go! 💃

一、so that 的用法

想表示「為了……」、「好讓……」時,可以用 so that 來表達目的。此外,前面提過 so thatin order that 不正式,其實,在很口語的情況,that 甚至也可以省略,來看例句的示範:

He sold his car so (that) he could buy the apartment.
為了要買那間房子,他賣掉了車。

They work hard so (that) they can have better sales results.
為了有更好的業績,他們認真工作。

She has been on a diet so (that) she can fit into her wedding dress.
她最近在節食,好穿得下婚紗。

We’ve got to get that picture to your mom so (that) she will come home and save us.
我們得給你媽媽那張照片,這樣她才會回家拯救我們。

上面的示範是 so that 用在肯定的情況,so that 也可以用在否定,如:

He bought his wife a necklace in order that she would not stay angry.
為了讓老婆別再繼續生氣,他買了項鍊送她。。

They called the police so (that) the thief could not get away.
為了不讓小偷逍遙法外,他們報了警。

小補充:咦,so that 省略 that 後只剩下 so,那跟表示結果的 so,不是會長得很像嗎?🤔 是的,沒錯,但不用擔心搞混,因為從 so 後面句子的意思來判斷即可。試比較:

He sold his car so he could buy the apartment.
為了要買那間房子,他賣掉了車。

▶️  此時 so 表示目的,搭配情態助動詞 could。

He sold his car(,) so he goes to work by bus.
他賣掉了車,所以現在是搭公車上班。

▶️  此時 so 表示結果,前面經常會加逗號。

二、in order that 的用法

雖然 in order that 的意思就跟 so that 一樣,但因為較為正式,出場率就不如 so that 那麼高。也因為它比較正式,所以 that 是不會省略的,來看例句:

He works two jobs in order that his wife can be a full-time mother.
他做兩份工作,好讓他太太當全職媽媽。

The parents slowed down in order that their kid could catch up.
那對父母慢了下來,好讓孩子趕上。

I left home early in order that I would not be late for the job interview.
為了面試不要遲到,我早點出門。

She is talking quietly in order that she will not wake up the baby.
她低聲說話是為了不要吵醒小貝比。

對了,in order that 的例句,其實也都能改用 in order to 來表達,例如:

We got up early in order that we could arrive on time.
= We got up early in order to arrive on time.
為了準時抵達,我們早點起床。

▶️ in order to 後面不需要用子句了,是直接加原形動詞,

He works two jobs in order that his wife can be a full-time mother.

= He works two jobs in order for his wife to be a full-time mother.
他做兩份工作,好讓他太太當全職媽媽。

▶️ 如果是為了讓別人做某事,會改成「 for+別人」,固定放 in order 和 to 中間。

She is talking quietly in order that she will not wake up the baby.
= She is talking quietly in order not to wake up the baby.
她低聲說話是為了不要吵醒小貝比。

▶️ 如果是為了讓某人不做某事,not 固定放 in order 和 to 中間。

結束前複習一下,加強你的印象:

  1. so that / in order that 都是表示目的,後面常搭配 canwill 等情態助動詞。
  2. so that 較常見,且較不正式,故 that 可省略。
  3. in order that 可改用 in order to 表達。

記住了嗎?我們來拿出可愛的筆記本,抄下一些例句幫助記憶吧。

That’s it, folks!

喔耶!看完了,你好棒 🎉!這一篇比較了 so that / in order that 的用法,以後你就知道它們的異同處囉。老規矩,現在來練習看看,下面的句子你是不是都能流利使用了呢?(遞 mic 🎤)

  • 為了要買那間房子,他賣掉了車。
  • 為了準時抵達,我們早點起床,
  • 為了不讓小偷逍遙法外,他們報了警。
  • 她低聲說話是為了不要吵醒小貝比。

如果還有什麼英文問題,歡迎多到英文庫 🆒 其他文章挖寶,都是我們精心準備的唷!延伸閱讀:👉「in order to」的正確用法是?放句首?來看例句搞懂!

Min

一個想要一輩子都當個老師+學生+書籍譯者的貪心鬼🤘,個人專頁 Yes Min:當英文家教/書籍譯者是一件很迷人的事。熱愛學習、腦力激盪、語言、文字、文學以及文化。平常是埋首事務的工作狂,會逃避人多的地方,一整天都不跟人說話也沒關係,但很喜歡跟學生互動,跟國小高年級到中高階主管都有過可愛的緣分 ❤。