「by」正確用法是?來看例句搞懂各種用法!

You are currently viewing 「by」正確用法是?來看例句搞懂各種用法!

🙂Hello, learners! 我是英文庫的Ken,相信很多同學對於「介系詞」都很頭大,以「by」來說,有好多種用法!我們該用什麼方法,才能夠學會使用呢?不用擔心!在這裡Ken會幫大家分類各種「by」的用法,讓您更有信心去面對它!😄

一般來說,by 是又 「透過、由、以」的意思的。

接下來,我們看看 by 的十大類吧!

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1) 「乘搭」的by 🚖

I went to the museum by bus yesterday.
我昨天搭公車去博物館。

Last Saturday Mary travelled to Taichung by high speed rail.
瑪麗上星期六做高鐵前往臺中。

2) 「某時間前」的by ⏱

They will arrive at the venue by 3 o’clock.
他們三點前會到會場。

By the time he came home, his wife had gone to bed.
他到家的時候,他的妻子已經睡覺。

3) 「透過某個方法」的by 💡

Mandy wants to receive praise from her manager by working hard.
曼蒂想藉努力工作得到經理的贊揚。

I have been learning French by watching this YouTuber’s videos.
我藉觀看這位YouTuber的視頻一直學習法文。

4) 「被。。某人」者by 🕵

The chair was broken by a naughty boy.
椅子被一個調皮的男孩打破了。

The contract was torn by a mad man.
合約被一個生氣的男人撕破了。

5) 「旁邊」的by 👩‍❤️‍👨

He sang songs happily by my side.
他在我旁邊開心地唱歌。

I will park my car by yours.
我會把車停在你的車旁邊。

6) 「經過」的by 🚶

She sped by my house in her Porsche.
她開著保時捷汽車迅速經過我家。

The newly hired colleague went by me without saying anything.
新聘請的同事從我旁邊經過而不發一語。

7) 「依據」的by 👉

You can’t judge a book by its cover.
你不能以貌取人。

By law, all restaurants have to close down.
依據法律,所有餐廳必須關門。

8) 「期間」的by ⌛

Hank studies by day and works by night.
漢克日間念書晚間工作。

They travelled by night to save time for sightseeing.
他們爲了省時間給觀光在晚間坐車前進。

9) 「每。。單位」的by 💱

May I buy the masks by the dozen?
我可以買一打口罩嗎?

The instructor is paid by the hour.
那位導師以每小時給支付薪金。

10) 「同意」的by 👌

Don’t worry. That’s fine by me.
別擔心,我同意。

If it’s all right by you, I’d like to use your computer.
如果您同意的話,我想用您的電腦。

📜經過Ken的分類,大家有沒有對by這介系詞更熟悉了呢?確保同學們已了解by的概念,我們來演練一下吧!

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關於by的片語及搭配詞

✯ by accident 意外地 = by chance

The parcel was delivered to my apartment by accident.
那個包裹被意外地送遞到我的公寓。

✯ by air 搭飛機

He does not like the idea of going there by air.
他不喜歡搭飛機到那裡。

✯ by comparison 相比之下

Grammar textbooks are usually boring, but this textbook is interesting by comparison.
與其他文法課本相比,這本是算有趣的。

✯ by far 大大地(跟比較級式或最高級式的形容詞或副詞一起用)

This reason is by far the most important.
這個理由是大大地最重要的。

✯ by lease 以租借方式

The land is available by lease only.
那塊土地只以租借方式提供的。

✯ by profession 以…為職業的

He is a writer by profession.
他的職業是作家。

And that’s a wrap! 🔚

👨‍🏫介系詞雖然看似簡單,但其實隱藏的學問頗多的!要牢記介系詞用法的不二法門,不外乎就是勤加演練,無論您是聽說英文,或是讀寫文章,藉由這些方式都能夠強化你的所學。同學別忘了有空要來觀顧英文庫哦!我們這裡都會有相當豐富的英文學習知識,免費提供給學員們參考!See Ya~😉

Ken

Hi, I'm Ken. I'm an instructor at the ETS TOEIC Institution as well as a high school teacher. You are welcome to visit my Facebook page called Ken’s Portable Classroom!