「with」正確用法是?來看例句搞懂各種用法!

You are currently viewing 「with」正確用法是?來看例句搞懂各種用法!

👨‍🏫Hiya, learners! 我是英文庫的Ken,相信在英文裡的「介系詞」,是很多英語學習者心中的痛,以「with」來說,到底要用什麼方法,才能夠牢牢記住呢?同學不怕!在這裡Ken要幫大家做更進一步的分析,讓您更了解with這個介系詞,一旦了解後,你會更有自信去使用它哦!

stupid archie's weird mysteries GIF by Archie Comics

Ken將with分成十大類,請同學看看例句,思考一下他們的意義有何不同。

1) 「一起、附加」的with👯‍♂️

Sarah has been living with her grandma since her parents passed away.
自從莎拉的父母去世以來,她一直與奶奶生活在一起。

I’m going to Melbourne with my family in this summer break.
我這暑假要和家人去墨爾本。

Last night I sent you an email with the revised document.
我昨晚發給你一封電子郵件,其中附有經修訂的文檔。

2) 「對立」的with🤼

I had a heated argument with Peter about politics.
我和彼得對於政治問題有很激烈的爭論。

A truck collided with the soccer player’s limo.
一輛卡車與那位足球運動員的豪華轎車相撞。

3) 「同時」的with⏱

The wine tastes better with age.
葡萄酒的味道會隨著歲月而變好。

With the outbreak of SARS, everyone paid attention to personal hygiene.
SARS爆發之際,所有人注意個人衛生。

4) 「擁有」的with👐

Chris is a handsome man with blue eyes.
克里斯是一位有雙藍眼睛的英俊男人。

Mr. Kim speaks English with a strong Korean accent.
金先生說英語帶有強烈的韓國口音。

I’ve been at home with a flu for the past week.
因為流感,我待在家一週了。

5) 「使用」的with🔧

She washes her beloved dog with a bar of soap.
她用一塊肥皂洗她的愛狗。

This morning, the hunter cut the tree with an axe.
獵人今早用斧頭砍了樹。

6) 「比較」的with👍👎

Compared with Paris, London is dull.
相較巴黎,倫敦是無聊的。
Patrick has nothing in common with his cousin.
派翠克與他的表弟沒有共同之處。

7) 「關於」的with👉

How’s everything with your sister lately?
你姊姊最近過得如何?

David is very careless with his money.
大衛很不會理財。

 

👨‍🏫 經過這些分類,有沒有感覺腦袋比較輕鬆了呢?你可以發現,每一個with,都會配合一個動詞,來賦予它的意義。對Ken來說,花時間來好好認識介系詞,一旦了解它的意義,它就不再是瑣碎資訊,您反而更能夠憑直覺去使用它哦!

Relax Self Care GIF by Sehsucht Berlin關於with的搭配詞及片語,我們也順便記一下吧!😉

✯ argue with 與…爭論

Will you stop arguing with me? I’m fed up with you.
你可以停止和我吵架嗎?我受夠了你。

✯ be in contact with 與…聯絡

Have you been in contact with Dr. Smith recently?
你最近有跟史密斯教授聯絡嗎?

✯ be concerned with 與…有關

My dad’s job is concerned with interior design.
我爸爸的工作與室內設計有關。

✯ connect A with B 把A與B聯繫起來

Nobody connected him with robbery.
沒有人會他跟搶劫聯繫起來。

✯ one’s relationship with 與…的關係

Ben’s relationship with Helen doesn’t go well currently.
班和海倫的關係現在發展不好。

✯ compare A with B 把A與B對比

The boss compared your proposal with Christine’s, and concluded that hers was better.
老闆把您的企劃與克里斯汀的對比,結論是她的比較好。

✯ acquaint A with B 使A熟悉B

The lecturer should acquaint the students with his syllabus at the very beginning of the semester.
講師在新學期一開始應該讓學生熟悉他的教學大綱。

✯ agree with 同意

I agree with you on this point.
我同意你這項觀點。

✯ associate with與…交往(有時指與不好的人事物連結)

He associates with the chief executives of various companies.
他和許多不同公司的首席執行官結交。

✯ talk with 與…說話

I’m going to talk with her and see what’s going on.
我準備要與她談談,看發生了什麼事。

✯ confuse A with B 混淆

I always confuse sea lions with fur seals because they look much alike.
我總是把海獅和海狗混淆,因為牠們太像了

✯ discuss…with 與…討論

Let’s discuss this issue with Dr. Becker.
讓我們跟貝克教授來討論這個議題。

✯ cope with 處理

You should learn how to cope with problems on your own.
你應該學會自己怎樣處理問題。

✯ deal with 處理

The CEO smartly dealt with the crisis and successfully solved the problem.
首席執行官明智地處了這個危機並成功解決了問題。

✯ with an eye on 考慮到

We should make a life plan with an eye on our future.
我們應該要為了我們的將來做個人生計畫。

✯ with a start 嚇一跳

He shut the door, and I woke up with a start.
他甩了們,然後我驚醒了。

✯ with a heavy hand 嚴厲地

My mom always educated me with a heavy hand when I was young.
我媽媽在我小時候總是很嚴厲的教育我。

✯ with a will 堅定地

I believe you will succeed in your career as long as you work with a will.
我相信你在事業上會成功,只要你堅定工作。

✯ with care 小心地 = carefully

Please manage this issue with care since people are sensitive about it.
請謹慎處理這個問題,因為大家對此都很敏感。

✯ with ease 容易地 = easily

She reads the Spanish novel with ease.
她可以很輕鬆地讀西班牙小說。

Let’s wrap things up!🔚

💁‍♂️同學可以發現,除了Ken整理給大家with的十大類別,還補充了相關的片語及搭配詞。這也表示著,要牢記介系詞,除了需要對其有基本的了解之外,仍需要透過大量的閱讀來熟悉它的用法。日後Ken會在英文庫裡,補充更多相關的英文知識,敬請大家持續關注英文庫哦!See you~😉

Ken

Hi, I'm Ken. I'm an instructor at the ETS TOEIC Institution as well as a high school teacher. You are welcome to visit my Facebook page called Ken’s Portable Classroom!