「in addition to」跟「in addition」用法差在哪?來搞懂!

You are currently viewing 「in addition to」跟「in addition」用法差在哪?來搞懂!

Hello, everyone! 我是英文庫的 Celine 🙂,今天來看看 in addition 和 in addition to 的差別吧~

在很多英文文章或影劇裡應該都不難發現 in addition 和 in addition to 的身影,仔細一看,它們就只差在一個 to,但是用法上是不能直接互換的,那兩者的用法到底差在哪裡呢?🤔 這邊先讓你觀察這四個句子思考一下吧:

He can speak Spanish well. In addition, he is good at math.
他西班牙文講得很好,此外,他也很擅長數學。

This hotel is clean and cheap. In addition, it’s near the subway.
這間飯店乾淨又便宜,除此之外,它離地鐵站很近。

In addition to English, he can speak Russian and Spanish.
除了英文,他還會說俄文和西班牙文。

In addition to this cat, she also keeps two dogs.
除了這隻貓之外,她還養了兩隻狗。

看完之後,你應該可以發現 in addition 和 in addition to 的意思差不多,都是加法 (A + B) 的概念,其中 addition 是動詞 add 的名詞型,所以會跟「增加、加法」的意思有關。

而從那四句應該很明顯可以看到一個不同之處,也就是 in addition to 後面需要加上名詞,而 in addition 則不用對吧。那還有什麼不同呢?其他更多的細節就往下讓我繼續告訴你吧!

in addition 的用法

in addition 的中文意思為「此外、再者、而且」,會用作副詞,通常會放在句首,後面會加上逗號再接一個句子,以用來補充和上一句話相關的事情。

in addition 也可以代換為 additionally、moreover、furthermore 等副詞。

Antony is an outstanding pianist. In addition, he is good at doing magic tricks.
Antony 是一位傑出的鋼琴家,此外,他還很擅長變魔術。

The food in that restaurant is delicious and unique. In addition, it’s not expensive.
那家餐廳的食物好吃又獨特,除此之外,價錢又不貴。

Kuo Hsing-chun won a gold medal in weightlifting at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics. In addition, she set a new Olympic record.
郭婞淳在 2020 年的東京奧運舉重項目上得到金牌,而且她還創下了奧運的新紀錄。

接者,補充一個小地方,如果你不想要讓 in addition 另起一個新的句子,也可以將逗號改成分號唷,像是這樣:

The food in that restaurant is delicious and unique; in addition, it’s not expensive.

但千萬要留意,不能直接用逗號連接兩句唷,這是很多學習者容易寫錯的地方 ⚠️

The food in that restaurant is delicious and unique, in addition, it’s not expensive. ❌

in addition to 的用法

in addition to 的中文意思為「除了…之外,還有…」,其中 to介系詞,後面需加上名詞或是動名詞,整個放在句首句中皆行。

in addition to 可以代換為 apart from、other than 等,一樣都是加法的概念唷。

In addition to singing and dancing, Jolin Tsai is skillful at making fondant cakes.
除了唱歌及跳舞之外,蔡依林也很會做翻糖蛋糕。

In addition to South Africa, she has been to Kenya, Egypt and Eswatini.
除了南非,她還去過肯亞、埃及以及史瓦帝尼。

The man has a Porsche and Ferrari in addition to this Tesla.
那個男人除了有這台特斯拉,還有一台保時捷和一台法拉利。

I need all of you to hand in a hard copy of your stories in addition to filling them electronically. Last week, our mail server was down, and we very nearly missed our deadline.
除了電子填入之外,我還需要你們全部的人繳交你們故事的紙本。上個禮拜,我們的郵件伺服器壞了,這幾乎讓我們差點就錯過了截止日期。

此外,句子中也會看到用 in addition to that 來表示「除了剛剛所說的,還…」,其實用起來跟前面提到的 in addition 差不多唷,例如:

Antony is an outstanding pianist. In addition, he is good at doing magic tricks.

Antony is an outstanding pianist. In addition to that, he is good at doing magic tricks.

👩🏻‍🏫 小提醒:in addition 和 in addition to 的句子裡本身就有加法概念了,所以就不需要再搭配 also 了,雖然加了 also 不會算是錯誤,但就會讓它聽起來是冗詞唷。

那最後就用這個表格來做個小複習吧:

in additionin addition to
意思此外、再者、而且除了…之外,還有…
用法放句首,後面加逗號in addition to + N/V-ing
同義詞additionally, moreover, furthermoreapart from, other than
例句He can speak Spanish well. In addition, he is good at math.In addition to English, he can speak Russian and Spanish.

That’s All for Today

看到這裡,我想你已經差不多搞懂了 in addition 和 in addition to 的用法及差別了,只是一片小蛋糕對吧!相信下次不管在英文口說還是寫作,你都能夠正確地使用這兩個詞囉!

那如果想多了解一些相關用法,歡迎來看看這幾篇文章:
👉「另外 / 除此之外 / 此外」的英文是?furthermore? in addition?
👉「除了…」英文怎麼說? Except, Apart from, Other than 等的用法!
👉「然後、接下來」英文的 7 種說法!next? and then?
👉「Besides…」正確用法是?來看例句搞懂!
👉「except」跟「except for」用法差在哪?來搞懂!

今天就分享到這兒,記得下次遇到任何英文疑問時,要回來英文庫學習喔!See you next time! 😉

Celine

Hello! :) 是一個心思細膩、喜歡嘗試不同事物的英文老師,覺得英文可以讓你的世界更廣大,希望能幫助你學英文,讓生命更美好!❤️