「however」正確用法是?來看例句搞懂!

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Hey guys! 我是英文庫的 Cecilia,談到英文裡的「但是」,你很可能會馬上連想到 but,但其實還有其他類似用法,像是 nevertheless 和 however 等等,只要多加熟悉,在寫作或口說上,都能夠像變魔術一般,怡然地做出更具豐富性的變化。

今天就要帶你以實用例句深入了解 however 的所有正確用法,讓你不再只會拿 but 耍威風啦!🤣

1. however 表示「但是、然而」

however 能用來作為副詞,造成語句上意思的轉折,形成複合句子,強調兩個獨立句子之間的關係是相反的,在意思上類似 but,但相對來說 however 比較正式,而且這兩個字在標點符號的用法不太一樣喔!

I would love to go to the party; however, I’m too busy.
我很樂意參加派對,但我太忙了。

➡️ 原本的兩個句子分別是 “I would love to go to the party.” 和 “I’m too busy.”,因為想強調後面的 I’m too busy,可使用 however 將兩個句子合併,並營造轉折語氣的效果。

我們再看看幾個例句,你就會更了解啦! 👇

My husband says that he saw nothing. However, I don’t believe what he says is the truth.
我的老公說他什麼都沒看到,但我並不相信他說的是實話。

I want to buy a laptop. However, I’ll have to use all of my savings.
我想買一台筆電,但這樣我就必須花掉大部分的存款了。

I have a lot of work to do today. However, I am not feeling well.
我今天有很多工作要做,但我覺得很不舒服。

however 的標點符號用法

在標點符號方面,因為是連接兩個獨立句子,記得在 however 前面需使用分號或句號,後面加上逗號分隔,以暗示對方與前一句話意思相反的轉折要來了。

⚠️ 注意 however 放句首時,後面也需加上逗號再接句子。

We plan to stay for another month. However, Sandy is leaving now.
= We plan to stay for another month; however, Sandy is leaving now.
我們計畫要再多待一個月,但仙蒂現在就要走了。

Henry doesn’t have a cat. However, he does have a dog, doesn’t he?
= Henry doesn’t have a cat; however, he does have a dog, doesn’t he?
亨利沒有養貓,但是他有養狗,對嗎?

除了以上的用法,也可以將 however 置於句尾或兩個逗號之間,讓它在一句話中以打斷式的形式出現,同樣暗指與方才提到的內容相反,但語氣相對較前面的用法薄弱一些。

It is October. It is, however, still warm.
時間都已經來都十月了,天氣卻還是很溫暖。

She is normally wearing jeans by this time of year. She is still in shorts, however.
通常到了一年這個時候她會穿牛仔褲,但她現在還在穿短褲。

I can’t, however, agree with your opinion.
然而我無法認同你的意見。

另外,however 其實也可以放在一個句子的尾巴,前面需加一個逗點,語氣和剛才提到的用法一樣會稍微比較薄弱喔!

Swimming in the summer is fun. You must remember to use sunscreen, however.
在夏天游泳很好玩,但是你一定要記得塗防曬油。

I can’t make it to the wedding. My girlfriend will be attending, however.
我沒辦法去參加婚禮,但我的女朋友會去參加。

所以,總結一下,就位置上來說,會有三種變化,其中放在句首位置的會是語氣最強的,再來是放在句尾和兩個逗點之間的用法。

She has two dogs. However, her husband prefers cats.
She has two dogs. Her husband, however, prefers cats.
She has two dogs. Her husband prefers cats, however.
她有兩隻狗,但她的老公比較喜歡貓。

2. however 表示「不管多…、無論如何」

however 的第二個常見的意思近似 no matter how,就是不管怎麼樣或無論如何,可以用來修飾動詞、形容詞和副詞。

下面先來看看動詞的用法吧!

You can do it however you like.
= You can do it no matter how you like.
你可以按照任何你想要的方式做它。

Decorate the room however you want.
你想怎麼裝飾這個房間都可以。

however 後面也可以接形容詞

However long the night, the dawn will break.
= No matter how long the night, the dawn will break.
不管夜有多長,黎明總會破曉。

You won’t be able to answer that question however smart you are.
不管你有多聰明,你都無法回答那個問題。

最後,however 後面也可以接副詞

However fast he swims, he can’t catch up with his opponent.
= No matter how fast he swims, he can’t catch up with his opponent.
無論他游泳再怎麼快,也追不上他的競爭對手。

However well you behave, I don’t think your mother will forgive you.
無論你表現的再怎麼好,我不認為你媽媽會原諒你。

That’s All for Today

however 兩種不同的用法其實差異滿明顯的,除了意義上,就是標點符號的差別,不過仍然需多練習,別將兩者搞混了。

下次遇到英文疑問時,也不要忘了回來英文庫坐坐喔!😉

想看更多然而與但是的相關主題,可以參考以下文章:
👉「nevertheless」的正確用法是?跟 nonetheless 差在哪?
👉「yet」正確用法是? 一次搞懂 yet 的 5 種用法!(含例句)

Cecilia

Hey there! 我是 Cecilia,綽號烏龜妹,曾任英文老師與顧問,經營個人品牌《烏龜妹,出走旅行 TurtleGirl's Travel》。內心住著無法停下腳步流浪的靈魂,擁有小王子愛上玫瑰的任性,戒不掉整天在文字和藝術間徘徊的壞習慣。讓我們一起學英文,打開世界這本沒有疆域的書。💗