For instance、Such as、Like 正確用法是?來搞懂!

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Hi, everyone! 我是英文庫的 Gloria~🙌🏻

今天要帶大家了解 for instance / such as / like 的正確用法!
這三個詞都有「例如」的意思,在日常生活中也很常使用到,但是實際上要怎麼用才正確呢?
接著,就讓我們一次搞懂 for instance / such as / like 的所有用法吧!Let’s go~ 😎

For instance 用法

for instance 是指「舉例來說、例如」,instance 是「實例、例子」的意思。
通常用來舉出同類事物中的「一個完整的例子」,並用此例來解釋或支持說話者的論點,此時放句首使用。for instance 和 for example 的意思相同,可以互相替換。

My students are very smart. For instance, Bella has an IQ of over 140.
每個學生都很不一樣。舉例來說,Bella 的智商超過 140

John has a lot of talent for music. For instance, he learned to play the violin by himself.
John 很有音樂天賦。舉例來說,他自學如何拉小提琴

There are many things I need to do after work. For instance, I need to cook.
下班後我有很多事得做。舉例來說,我要煮飯

而如果是用「同一個句子」直接作為例子來解釋時,for instance 可以放在句首句中句尾使用。
⚠️ 必須注意的是,for instance 放在句中時,是當「插入語」使用,前面和後面都必須加上「逗號」。
因此,在寫作上必須特別小心!☝🏻

舉例來說,員工培訓是開始工作前第一件要做的事

👉 放句首:For instance, an orientation is the first thing to do before you start the work.

👉 放句中:An orientation, for instance, is the first thing to do before you start the work.

👉 放句末:An orientation is the first thing to do before you start the work, for instance.

Such as 用法

such as 是「例如、像是」的意思,通常用來舉出同類事物中的「單一或多個例子」。

如果只有單指一個例子,且如果拿掉例子會影響句意時,such as 前面不用加逗號:

Fruits such as pineapples are good for digestion.
有些水果像是鳳梨對消化很好

Cartoon characters such as SpongeBob SquarePants are still very popular now.
有些卡通人物像是海綿寶寶,現在還是很受歡迎

Animals such as penguins and polar bears don’t live in tropical area.
有些動物像是企鵝和北極熊並不住在熱帶地區

但如果是指一個以上的例子時,如果將例子拿掉不影響句意,則 such as 前面必須加上「逗號」:

In this area, you can see many animals, such as zebras, giraffes, and elephants.
在這一區你可以看到很多動物,像是斑馬、長頸鹿和大象

Ray is a fan of classic rock bands, such as The Beatles, Eagles, and Aerosmith.
Ray 是經典搖滾樂團的粉絲,像披頭四、老鷹合唱團和史密斯飛船

Grace has travelled to many English-speaking countries, such as Canada and the UK.
Grace 去過很多英語系國家旅遊,像是加拿大和英國

以用法上來說,such as 是比較正式的,在寫作上很常用。
相較之下,like 則是比較常在口語中聽到,屬於非正式的用法。

Diana has been to many countries, such as Japan, Sweden, and Australia.
= Diana has been to many countries, like Japan, Sweden, and Australia.
Diana 曾去過很多國家,像是日本、瑞典和澳洲

Try to avoid unhealthy food such as fried chicken and chips.
= Try to avoid unhealthy food like fried chicken and chips.
盡量避免吃像炸雞和薯條之類的不健康食品

This shop offers a wide range of coffees, such as latte, espresso, and cappuccino.
= This shop offers a wide range of coffees, like latte, espresso, and cappuccino.
這間店提供了很廣泛的選擇,像是拿鐵、濃縮咖啡和卡布奇諾


⚠️ 還有一點要注意的是,如果用 such as 來舉例時,只能舉出部分的例子。因為在語意上,不適合將所有的例子舉出。

⭕️ Irene can speak many languages, such as Chinese and French.
Irene 會說很多種語言,例如:中文和法文

❌ Irene can speak many languages, such as Chinese, English, Japanese and French.
Irene 會說很多種語言,例如:中文、英文、日文和法文

💡 如果想要將例子全部列出的話,建議改用 namely 或 (即是、也就是說) 來表達更多的細節,而不是用「例如」去把所有細節都講出來,語意上會顯得太過突兀

Irene can speak four languages, namely Chinese, English, Japanese and French.
Irene 會說四種語言,也就是中文、英文、日文和法文

最後再補充一下~such as 還有個特別的用法!😎
當用來舉例時,可以在 such 和 as 之間放入例子,此時 such as 不能跟 like 互換使用。

She likes to collect such books as fictions and picture books.
她喜歡買書,例如小說和繪本

My dad collects many such antiques as old paintings and porcelain vases.
我爸收藏很多古董,例如古畫和瓷器

The disease mainly attacks such demographics as infants and the elderly.
這個疾病主要侵襲像是新生兒和老人這樣的年齡族群

Like 用法

like 指「像是、例如」的意思,也能用來舉出同類事物中的「單一或多個例子」,在口語上很常見。
like 跟 such as 很類似,但 like 屬於非正式用法。如果是正式論文寫作或是官方文件應避免使用!☝🏻

I prefer soft drinks like tea and juice.
我比較喜歡沒有酒精的飲料,例如茶和果汁

Animals like koalas and kangaroos are very common in Australia.
有些動物像無尾熊跟袋鼠在澳洲很普遍

My mom planted many types of flowers in the garden, like roses and tulips.
我媽在花園種了很多花,例如玫瑰和鬱金香花

That’s All for Today!

以上就是今天的分享~希望能讓大家更認識 for instance / such as / like 的用法!
雖然三者之間有些相似之處,但搞懂真正的概念後,是不是又更清楚怎麼運用了呢?😉

如果你想了解更多「舉例來說」的用法,也可以來看看這些文章唷~👇
👉「例如、舉例來說」英文怎麼說? for example? for instance?
👉「ie、eg、ex」的正確用法是?來搞懂!

還有其他跟文法相關的疑問嗎?以後歡迎常來英文庫學習更多文法小知識哦!😎
那我們就下次見囉~See you! 😉

Gloria

我是一位喜歡到處冒險的英文老師~✌🏻 我相信學習是一場沒有終點的旅行,我也相信夢想不會虧待每個認真對待它的人!希望每一位來到這裡的朋友,都能找到實用的資訊,幫助你成為更好的自己!✨😎